The Four Categories of Allowances in the Ghana Education Service

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The Ghana Education Service (GES) offers various allowances to its employees, structured into four distinct categories. These allowances cater to different aspects of the job, ranging from normal duties to special circumstances and employee welfare. Here’s a comprehensive look at each category:

Category 1: Job-Related Allowances

These allowances are directly related to the normal duties and responsibilities of the job. They were considered during a nationwide job evaluation exercise and include:

  • Bilingual/Journalist Allowance
  • Cashier Allowance
  • Duty Allowance
  • General Risk Allowance
  • Hazard Allowance
  • Risk and Unpopular Allowance
  • Professional Allowance
  • Responsibility Allowance
  • Special Allowance
  • Frontier Allowance
  • Honorarium Allowance (paid monthly, not based on special assignments)
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Category 2: Special Condition Allowances

Allowances under this category are job-related but are paid under special conditions or circumstances. They have been harmonized and standardized through negotiations. They include:

  • Acting Allowance
  • Additional Duty Allowance
  • Temporary Posting Allowance
  • Permanent Posting Allowance
  • Height/Depth Allowance
  • Tools Allowance
  • Overtime Allowance
  • Teaching/Instruction Allowance
  • Committee Sitting Allowance
  • Training Allowance
  • Inducement Allowance
  • Hardship Allowance

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Category 3: Employee Welfare Allowances

These allowances focus on the welfare of the employees, offering support for various personal and professional needs. They include:

  • Physically Challenged Transport Allowance
  • Physically Challenged Guide Allowance
  • Medical Subsidy
  • Funeral Grant
  • Day Trip Allowance
  • Meal/Ration Allowance
  • Travel & Luggage Allowance
  • Night Subsistence/Out-of-Station Allowance
  • Vehicle Maintenance Allowance
  • Warm Clothing Allowance
  • Uniform Allowance
  • Overseas Officers Allowances
  • Protective Clothing

Category 4: High-Level Public Service Allowances

These benefits are provided to high-level Public Service office holders (Directors and above) and include:

  • Fuel
  • Vehicle
  • Housing/Accommodation
  • Utilities (electricity, water, telephone)
  • Domestic/House help
  • Garden Boy
  • Entertainment
  • Clothing
  • Security

Understanding these categories of allowances helps in appreciating the structured support system within the Ghana Education Service. Each category addresses specific needs, ensuring that all employees, from entry-level to senior officials, are adequately supported and compensated for their contributions to education in Ghana.

Note that some of the allowances may not be applicable to all staff in GES, depending on rank and other conditions

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